In this ILA Student Case Study, we will explore the challenges of migration of refugees and immigrants through understanding the complex adaptive systems as the societal structures that are important to effective integration, such as education, housing communities, local markets, and governing bodies. The people that spark change within those dynamic structures will be defined as agents. That term includes the immigrants themselves along with teachers, mentors, public affairs officers, community leaders, and anybody else who has sustained interactions with the immigrants. Immigrants themselves also need to be open to the integration process. Embracing their new home country’s traditions and culture is a key aspect to being supported by their new community. Cultural diversity is important to a country’s socio-economic success, so a balance should be found between assimilation and complete retainment of cultural identity. The Complexity Leadership Theory tells us that we cannot predict the outcomes of interactions within complex systems. Other leadership theories may be able to draw out conclusions from these actions; however, that places a limitation on the growth that can occur within a leadership module. These emergences can include a change in the way people view immigrants, the implementation of an immigrant-led mentoring program or a shift in policy.